4. DEMOCRACY – WHAT IS IT?
Dear Senator or Representative of the Parliament of the Czech Republic,
I, an eighty year-old retiree, am writing to you as the chairman of the civic association Sdružení přátel morálního zákona (SPMZ–The Civic Association of Friends of the Moral Code). SPMZ is focused on the question of democracy, the basis of which, as was shown recently in the deadlock after last year’s elections, is uncertain. SPMZ would like to contribute to clarifying the situation via this letter, with its theme:
DEMOCRACY – WHAT IS IT?
The essence of the answer is this: democracy is illumination, bringing people into the light. Anti-democracy is darkness and brings people into darkness. Light denotes life, wisdom, love, good, democracy and earthly paradise. Darkness on the other hand denotes death, ignorance, unhealthy egoism, evil, anti-democracy and earthly hell. The main difference between light and dark is that light exists thanks to electromagnetic radiation, whereas the existence of darkness is caused by the absence, or the lack of light. Darkness has no electromagnetic radiation whatsoever, darkness is but emptiness. This was known by J.A. Komenský (Comenius), who wrote his book Via lucis—The Way of the Light—in England.
The representative of light in human relationships is the natural moral code (henceforth, THE CODE), which sets the boundaries of human power. Freedom is not an empty frame into which one may put whatever he or she likes. From time immemorial it has been set by THE CODE, and freedom, given a person by nature, is enforced by a person either in liberating oneself from amorality, i.e., from not keeping THE CODE, or one gradually frees oneself in another way of not keeping the norms of THE CODE.
Each new-born person gradually appropriates their own ideology or world view, part of which is a certain hierarchy of values and goals and the choice of means by which to attain these goals. Ideology thus decides the life style of a person. The priority of ideology is connected with the answer to the question of what is the purpose of human life. It can be said that various ideologies in various qualities and quantities, given by life experiences, can be as many as there are people on Earth. A particular ideology, which is the greatest controlling system for people, can be also driven by legal entities, of which the most important is the state and state power. The two most important ideologies are the ideology of the spirit and its antithesis—the ideology of materialism. Ideology of the spirit is the ideology of democracy and it is built in the first place upon the order of values of cultivation of the human spirit (thought) and soul (feeling). The ideology of materialism is built in the first place upon improving the material level of a person. This material improvement is however conditioned on the cultivation of the human psyche and scientific-technical advancement, which is not ensured by the human body but by the human soul, which is the mark of the main difference between ours and the animal kingdom. The fight of political parties for the electorate portion of public power and their programmes only do not create the democracy. The criteria for distinguishing democracy from non-democracy and democrats from non-democrats is determining the source of moral norms for thought, feeling, speech, writing and understanding in the human sphere. Democrats and the Constitution of the Czech Republic espouse the idea that moral norms are derived from the natural law, i.e. THE CODE, and are thus incontrovertible and still valid. Non-democrats espouse the idea that moral norms are created and changed by the people themselves. It is as if on the planet Earth there existed only one mathematics and one astronomy in various degrees of understanding by individuals and nations, and on the other it would be the same with the non-exclusive, i.e. non-partisan ideology of democracy which is in various degrees of understanding and practical use in various individuals, groups, states and religions. From the Constitution of the Czech Republic, it can be concluded that if the members of one political faction represent state authority, they are required to govern within the integrity of the democratic ideology based on THE CODE, not on their party’s ideology, superordinate to democracy.
The ideas above come from the Constitution of the Czech Republic: “Altering the fundamental requisite of a democratic legal state is inadmissible.” (Article 9, Paragraph 2 of the Constitution of the Czech Republic) To threaten or remove the foundations of a democratic state is possible also by demoralising and the undemocratic raising of society. “The values of human freedom are inviolable...” (From the Preamble to the Czech Constitution) “The political system is based on the existence of political parties respecting basic democratic principles.” (From Article 5 of the Czech Constitution). “The state is founded on democratic values and cannot be based on a particular ideology, nor on religious beliefs.” (Article 2, Paragraph 1 of the Bill of Basic Rights and Freedoms, Law Coll. 2/1993) Particular, i.e. non-democratic, ideologies are party ideologies and the state cannot be based upon them, nor can they determine state power.
What does a lack of light in a person, in their brain—i.e. the human psyche and in human consciousness—do? There are obstacles to light, the bases of which are formed by negative, anti-democratic spiritual forces, a sort of developmental waste, occurring occasionally and regularly throughout the entire human kingdom. A person, of whom their past and proper raising and self-discipline is important, can become a pupil and servant of the light and prevail over the obstacles of darkness, or he can become dark himself. To restate it in the terminology of the fairy-tale, a person can sell their soul to the devil for temporary advantage. Admission to the way of the light, i.e. THE CODE is not a stroll, but a fight. Everything which goes against the norms of THE CODE—darkness, amorality—people can find within themselves and can be vanquished by entering the way to the light, i.e. THE CODE. The source of darkness is the objective interruption of the valid hierarchy of values. He who disturbs this hierarchy, due to their individual or group interests, subordinates higher values to lower ones, and becomes a source of darkness for themselves and those around them. At the summit of this natural hierarchy is (1) the biologically given possibility to create one’s own ideology. Ideology conditions the arise of (2) human freedom—the power to speak, feel and act or not to act. Human power makes possible the creation of human (3) legal order. Legal order should regulate and direct (4) human negotiations, especially in the areas of finance and economics. The priority of global economics however is not the healthy democratic ideology of light, but profit, even when it subordinates many bearers of citizens’ and state’s power. The attempt of every power which tries to replace the natural, established priority of the light of democracy by its dissimilar priority is political anti-democracy, i.e. darkness.
The existence of THE CODE is confirmed for example by Champetier de Ribes, a French representative at the Nuremberg Trials: “Above the will of the people and governments is the moral CODE, which binds not only people in public office, but people in the private sector, both nations and individuals, and breaking the CODE is criminal.” The English legal theoretician J. Austin also aimed at a definition of the core of democracy: “Law is a rule, established for on intelligent human being acting upon another intelligent being, superordinate to the first one.” Our question is this: Can the blind powers of nature and the universe give intelligent power TO people, which they themselves do not have, nor of which they do not know?
Man is a combination of light and darkness. If a person does not want to become the prey of darkness and stands up for himself and others in the fight between light and darkness, it is important that he learns which weapons will win the day in the fight between light and darkness. These weapons, which include above all a good knowledge of the ideology of democracy and non-violence, are detailed on the web pages of SPMZ (Sdružení přátel morálního zákona–The Civic Association of Friends of the Moral Code): www.spmz.info.
To close, a few citations on democracy: “If we really want to change society, we are going to need rather more sensitive people than orthodox party-liners.” (Karel Čapek, 1890–1938) “It is not true that everything is determined by the economy. Morality is the determiner.” (A. Solzhenitsyn, b. 11 December 1918). “Democracy is also a moral cleansing of society, renewing its moral health.” (M. Gorbachev, April 1987). “The worst heresies and abuses of our time come from removing morality from politics.” (Russian philosopher V.S. Solovjev, 1853–1900) “In life, don’t do such things that you would have to fear that those closest to you would find out about it.” (Greek philosopher Epicurus, 341–270 B.C.) “Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe.” (H.G. Wells, 1998–1946)
With regards and best wishes,
JUDr. František Venzara
783 13 Štěpánov u Olomouce